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Mark and St. George c. Mary Magdalene c. Donatello never married or had children. It is not known how Donatello began his career, but he probably learned stone carving from one of the sculptors working on the cathedral of Florence the Duomo about Between and he joined the workshop of Lorenzo Ghiberti , a sculptor who in had won the competition for the doors of the Baptistery. He died at the age of 79 or He never married and he seems to have been a man of simple tastes. Donatello seemingly demanded a measure of artistic freedom.

Although he knew a number of humanists well, the artist was not a cultured intellectual. His humanist friends attest that he was a connoisseur of ancient art.

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The inscriptions and signatures on his works are among the earliest examples of the revival of Classical Roman lettering. He had a more detailed and wide-ranging knowledge of ancient sculpture than any other artist of his day. His work was inspired by ancient visual examples, which he often daringly transformed.

Though he was traditionally viewed as essentially a realist, later research indicates he was much more. It is not known how he began his career, but it seems likely that he learned stone carving from one of the sculptors working for the cathedral of Florence the Duomo about Sometime between and he became a member of the workshop of Lorenzo Ghiberti , a sculptor in bronze who in had won the competition for the doors of the Baptistery.

The David , originally intended for the cathedral, was moved in to the Palazzo Vecchio, the city hall, where it long stood as a civic-patriotic symbol, although from the 16th century on it was eclipsed by the gigantic David of Michelangelo , which served the same purpose. Still partly Gothic in style, other early works of Donatello are the impressive seated marble figure of St. John the Evangelist —15 for the Florence cathedral facade and a wooden crucifix —08 in the church of Santa Croce. The latter, according to an unproved anecdote , was made in friendly competition with Filippo Brunelleschi , a sculptor and a noted architect.

The full power of Donatello first appeared in two marble statues, St. George both completed c. George has been replaced by a copy; the original is now in the Museo Nazionale del Bargello.

The sculpture of Donatello

His techniques and works would have a profound and immense influence on later generations of Renaissance artists. Filippo Brunelleschi was the leading architect of his era and a friend of Donatello. He had developed a technique for linear perspective. The inclusion of linear perspective would later become a standard element in Renaissance painting and sculpture.

It was in his marble statues of St. Mark and St. George that he first completely moved away from the Gothic style towards classical techniques. For the first time since Classical antiquity the human personality was shown with such confidence in its own worth and the expressions were so dramatic and emotional. Mark is also known for its natural pose, detailed realism and a much more naturalistic style than prevalent in the age. Sometime around , Donatello undertook a massive project for the church Saint Anthony of Padua.

His work contained 7 life-size bronze statues, 21 bronze reliefs of various sizes, and a large limestone relief.


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Unfortunately today we can have no idea of the true architectural arrangement of all this material as it was taken down a century later and the reconstruction of is wrong both aesthetically and historically. Renowned among the work Donatello did for the Paduan Church is a splendidly expressive bronze crucifix and four extremely important reliefs with scenes from the life of St.

Master of Renaissance Sculpture

Anthony for the high altar. When Holofernes was about to take over the biblical city of Bethulia , it was saved by a beautiful Hebrew widow named Judith who seduced him and beheaded him while he was drunk. This masterpiece depicts that assassination. It is remarkable for being among the earliest freestanding bronze Italian Renaissance statues and one of the first to be conceived in the round, with its four distinct faces.

Donatello - Master of Renaissance Sculpture

Relief is a sculptural technique where the sculpted elements remain attached to a solid background of the same material. It had always been a problem for sculptors because it must follow a narrow path between the two-dimensionality of painting and the three-dimensionality of full-round sculpture. Donatello introduced his bold new mode of relief in this sculpture.

The technique is known as schiacciato flattened out and in it the plane is only very slightly lower than the sculpted elements creating the illusion of depth and figures moving in space. The Art Story. Artists Donatello Art Works. Born: c. Artworks by Donatello The below artworks are the most important by Donatello - that both overview the major creative periods, and highlight the greatest achievements by the artist.

Share on Facebook Share on Twitter. By submitting the above you agree to The Art Story privacy policy. Welcome to The Art Story! Error occured while saving data Please, try again later. Like The Art Story on Facebook. If you see an error or typo, please: tell us. Masaccio was the first great painter of the Quattrocento period of the Italian Renaissance recreating lifelike figures with a convincing sense of three-dimensionality. Summary Biography Artworks.


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  • Leonardo da Vinci. Universally lauded as one of the greatest artists of all time, Leonardo da Vinci is known for his contributions to the Renaissance period in the form of portraits and religious paintings. Da Vinci was the eponymous "Renaissance Man," proficient not only in art, but also in mathematics, science, and technology.

    Artworks by Donatello

    Michelangelo was the legendary Italian Renaissance artist famous for his sculpters of David and his Pieta, and he is perhaps best known for his large-scale painted frescos in the Sistine Chapel. Early Renaissance. Early in the 15th century, Florentine artists rejuvenated the arts with a more humanistic and individualistic treatment that spawned on of the most creative revolutions in the arts. Summary Concepts Artworks. High Renaissance. The High Renaissance, the epitome of Italian art before the modern era was the exemplified in the works of Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael - among others.

    Religious Artists. List of artists and the analysis of artists whose work was particularly religious or spiritual in nature and aspiration. Artists on TheArtStory. Mannerism is an artistic style which developed in the late Renaissance which exaggerated empahisis on proportion, balance, and ideal beauty.

    Related Movements. Did we succeed in explaining the art to you? If Yes , please tell others about us:. Marble - Bargello Museum, Florence. Bust of Niccolo da Uzzano c. Marble - Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Florence. Bronze - Bargello Museum, Florence.