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The new French government saw an opportunity to promote the revolutionary values of freedom, equality, fraternity. France declared war on Austria in , and would be continually at war with somebody until Annual elections during time of strife and war and hope meant that the government of France became increasingly radical. The nobility were outlawed, and so was persecution of Protestants and Jews.
Slavery was made illegal, and divorce was made legal. Representatives of workers began to dominate the assembly, and they renamed themselves the Convention. The Convention imprisoned and tried the king, executing him and Marie Antoinette in Thus there was a clear connection between traitors and counter-revolutionaries.
The Convention appointed the Commitee for Public Safety, headed by Maximilian Robespierre, to hunt down counter-revolutionaries.
Lectures on the French revolution - Wikisource, the free online library
Robespierre, and by now most of the government, were turning away from a liberal revolution toward a radical one. Instead of freedom as the ideal, the focus was on equality. Thus aristocrats were hunted down not only as traitors to the revolution, but as traitors to an equal and just society.
Eventually, over 50, people went to the guillotine. Many of these were original revolutionaries from , who had wanted a liberal middle-class government. Workbook document : Maximilien Robespierre: Speech on Virtue By , this middle class gained enough momentum to reassert itself and rewind the goals back to liberalism.
In July a month renamed Thermidor to get away from the Catholic calendar Robespierre was overthrown he'd end up guillotined, if you like your justice western-style.
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Lectures on the French revolution
Close mobile search navigation Article Navigation. Volume Lectures on the French Revolution. Fred Morrow Fling. Oxford Academic. Google Scholar. Cite Citation.